Most Spanish homes need a valid energy efficiency certificate in order to be bought or rented out, but some get a free pass. Which ones?
The Royal Decree 235/2013 that made energy certificates obligatory in sales and rental processes also defined the scenarios when it was not necessary, namely:
- Listed buildings with architectural or historic value
- Religious buildings
- Provisional buildings with a lifespan of two years or less
- Industrial, military and agricultural buildings with low energy consumption
- Detached properties with a useable surface area of 50m2 or less
- Buildings purchased to renovate or demolish
- Homes that are occupied for less than four months per year with an energy consumption of 25% or less than normal
The last case is potentially relevant to Spanish holiday and second homes, even if they are rented out for part of the year. If the overall occupancy rate is four months or less, and the energy consumption can be shown to be 25% or less than a benchmark consumption rate for 12 months, then an energy certificate might not be necessary.
So, if you have a second-home in Spain that you use for less than four months a year keep a good record of your energy consumption and utility bills. The information could come in handy when the time comes to sell.