All about the Spanish Modelo 720 – Tax form 720

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Article copyrighted © 2020, 2021 Plagiarism will be criminally prosecuted. Inset photo: courtesy of Self Bank

By Raymundo Larraín Nesbitt Director of Larraín Nesbitt Abogados 8th of January 2021  

In 2013 the Spanish Tax Office implemented a new tax obligation whereby all tax residents in Spain, who hold over €50,000 in assets abroad, need to complete this tax return before end of March 2021 deadline.

By 2018, over 5,000 taxpayers had already been (heavily) fined on failing to disclose they held substantial assets abroad. This figure continues to increase year on year. We stress the fines for non-compliance are the steepest we’ve ever seen. In fact, so much so, they have been challenged at Brussels. The infamous modelo 720, despite being the object of heated controversy, remains very much an active tax obligation with which taxpayers must contend with. If you fall within its scope, I strongly advise you to comply or else face the risk of stiff fines.

It should be stated this tax form is only for reporting purposes; you do NOT pay any tax on submitting it. Resident taxpayers already pay income tax on submitting their annual I.R.P.F. tax returns once a year.

You also have Mark’s pungent article explaining it which, unlike mine, doesn’t pull any punches.

I have structured my article as a FAQ for ease of comprehension.

Who needs to declare?

All Spanish tax residents who own assets overseas on or over €50,000.

Again, and for the avoidance of doubt, if you are non-resident in Spain you do NOT need to submit this tax return; it is only for residents.

Who is considered tax resident in Spain?

The Spanish Tax Office applies – amongst many others – the following broad criteria:

  • You spend more than 183 days within a calendar year in Spanish territory.
  • Your centre of financial interests is located in Spain.
  • Your spouse and/or underage children live in Spain.

Reporting categories

There are three reporting categories: bank accounts, investments and immovable property.

Obligation to report

You must report all assets in a particular category if the value of your total assets within it exceeds €50,000.

2021 tax submission period

From the 1st of January until the 31st of March 2021.

Can I file it after the submission period?

Yes, but hefty penalties apply. Ask us.

If you have already filed tax form 720 in the past

You only need to file it again if:

  • The value of an existing asset grew by more than €20,000, or
  • You sold an asset, or
  • You obtained a new asset.

Penalties for non-compliance

The disproportionate fines levied are (very) stiff.

  • Failing to file 720 or filing it incorrectly: €5,000 per infraction.
  • Minimum fine of €10,000 for each group of assets.
  • Penalty of 150% on unpaid income tax.

The Common Reporting Standard and you

Please take good note that with the advent of the Common Reporting Standard (CRS), signed by over 100 countries to combat tax evasion, as from the 1st of January 2018, the Spanish Tax Office is being spoon-fed fiscal information by your home tax office.

For example, both HM Revenue & Customs and Ireland’s Revenue Commissioners are busy supplying the Spanish Tax Office with detailed information (and vice versa) on all your overseas assets and reported income derived abroad as from the 1st of January 2018.

In plain English, your home country’s tax office will likely have already informed the Spanish Tax Office of the assets you hold abroad. It is in your best interests to be pro-active and come clean before you are served with a legal notice imposing humongous fines on you; as it’s happened already to over 6,000 unsuspecting taxpayers. The tax office likes waiting till the last moment before imposing fines to rake in as much interests as is legally admissible before the statute of limitations kicks in. Fines on non-compliance start at five figures and often are six-figures, or higher.

Brexit and attaining Spanish residency  

Scores of UK nationals applied for a Spanish residency permit in the run up to Brexit. Unbeknownst to them, many will be now regarded as tax residents in Spain. Any UK national who is tax resident, and holds over 50,000 euros in assets abroad, must file tax form 720.

If you want peace of mind, you should sort out your tax affairs and submit this tax return to avoid humongous fines.

The last word

We strongly advise you to submit tax form 720 if you are (tax) resident in Spain to avoid steep penalties. If you plan to submit it, please contact us well ahead of the submission deadline (31st of March 2021) as it takes days to prepare and process. If you are unsure if you qualify for it, just give us a buzz and one of our friendly staff will answer your queries to allay your fears.

Si vis pacem, para bellum.” Vegetius

Loosely translated as: “If you want peace, prepare for war.”  

Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus (4th Century A.D.). Writer of the Later Roman Empire. Nothing is known of his life or station beyond what is contained in his two surviving works: Epitoma rei militaris (also referred to as De re militari), and the lesser-known Digesta Artis Mulomedicinae, a guide to veterinary medicine. The quote comes from his military tract. It mainly focuses on military organization (legion) and how to react to certain occasions in war.

Larraín Nesbitt Lawyer’s taxation service:

Tax form 720

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Larraín Nesbitt Lawyers is a law firm specialized in taxation, conveyancing, inheritance, and litigation. We will be very pleased to discuss your matter with you. You can contact us by e-mail at info@larrainnesbitt.com, by telephone on (+34) 952 19 22 88 or by completing our contact form to book an appointment.

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Article also published at Larraín Nesbitt Abogados Modelo 720 Tax form 720

Please note the information provided in this article is of general interest only and is not to be construed or intended as substitute for professional legal advice. This article may be posted freely in websites or other social media so long as the author is duly credited. Plagiarizing, whether in whole or in part, this article without crediting the author may result in criminal prosecution. VOV.

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